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Clinical Reasoning Curricula & Assessment

CRCAC lttrhd-final-04282020

The Clinical Reasoning & Curricula Assessment Consortium (CRCAC):

  • Serves as a resource and forum for educators - both clinical and academic - interested in best practices for teaching and assessing clinical reasoning skills.
  • The group also is working to develop a clinical reasoning research plan and will conduct multi-institutional research projects to increase our understanding of clinical reasoning.


  • To develop a research plan to further the understanding of all aspects of clinical reasoning.
  • To conduct multi-site research studies relative to clinical reasoning.
  • To provide continuing education relative to teaching and assessing of clinical reasoning.
  • To develop best practice standards for clinical reasoning curricula and assessment.
  • To be a resource for educators seeking advanced knowledge relative to understanding, teaching and assessing clinical reasoning skills.

CRCAC meets at the annual Educational Leadership Conference (ELC) and Combined Sections Meeting (CSM).

    CRCAC's Education Work Group proudly presents:  System 1 and System 2 Thinking


    Thank you to the work by: Karen Huhn, Chair; Jacquelyn Ruen, Matt Walk, Keven Helgeson, Terry Miller.  

    What is clinical reasoning?

    The following is the Clinical Reasoning Curricula & Assessment Consortium’s adopted understanding of clinical reasoning as outlined in Clinical reasoning in physical therapy: A concept analysis - Huhn, K.  Gilliland, S. J. Black, L.L. Wainwright, S. Christensen, N. Clinical Reasoning in Physical Therapy: A Concept Analysis, Physical Therapy, Volume 99, Issue 4, April 2019, Pages 440–456.

    “Based on the concept analysis and the themes and patterns that emerged, clinical reasoning in physical therapy could be conceptualized as integrating cognitive, psychomotor and affective skills. It is contextual in nature and involves both therapist and client perspectives. It is adaptive, iterative and collaborative with the intended outcome being a biopsychosocial approach to patient/client management.” 

    Other resources

    Check out the recent CRCAC's Talk to the Author event about telehealth and clinical reasoning here.

    CRCAC strategic plan

    CRCAC holds elections in the spring-summer during the ACAPT election cycle.  If you are a CRCAC member, you are registered to vote. If you have not yet joined the CRCAC, do so now by clicking on the "Request to Join" Box above. As with any organization, formation of a leadership team is representative of its members who vote.

    • April 5, 2021: Polls open on the first Monday of the month.  
    • May 3, 2021:  Polls close on the first Monday of the month. 
    • June 2021: Candidates informed of election results. 

    CRCAC members can view the 2021 candidate slate for the positions below. CRCAC members will receive an email with instructions for voting on Monday, April 5. If you don't receive the email, feel free to contact acapt@acapt.org.

    • Chair: Three-year term, 2021-2024
    • Nominating Committee member: Three-year term, 2021-2024

    Persons elected to a leadership position are expected to attend the annual ACAPT Educational Leadership Conference (ELC), where CRCAC's annual business meeting will be held.


      Current Leadership

      Chair: Chris Sebelski, PT, DPT,  PhD, OCS, chris.sebelski@health.slu.edu

      Vice Chair: Wing Fu, PT, MA, PhD, wf2214@cumc.columbia.edu

      Secretary: Anita Campbell, PT, DPT, ATP, NCS from University of Missouri, campbellas@health.missouri.edu

      Nominating Committee:

      Jennifer Canbek, PT, PhD, NCS, canbek@nova.edu

      Teresa (Terri) M. Miller, PT, PhD, GCFP, millert@stjohns.edu

      Michael Obert, PT, MPT, OCS, DHSc, michael.obert@msj.edu


      Position descriptions

      Chair (3-year term) shall:

      • Preside at and facilitate all meetings of the Consortium.
      • S/he shall be the designated liaison to the ACAPT Board of Directors unless otherwise determined by the Consortium officers;
      • Shall be an ex-officio member of all Consortium committees except the Nominating Committee.
      • The Chairperson will assure currency of essential information on the ACAPT Consortium Website.
      • Attends the ACAPT Annual Meeting.

      Nominating committee (3-year term with last year as Chair) shall:

      • Consist of three (3) members. The senior member of the committee shall serve as Committee Chair for the last year of his/her term. Each member shall serve for three (3) years. One new member shall be elected each year. The Nominating Committee Chair shall oversee the functions of the Nominating Committee.
      • Prepares a ballot for offices and coordinates the nomination process; all attempts will be made to include a minimum of two candidates per office, when possible.
      • Determines eligibility of prospective candidates.
      • Contacts prospective candidates to obtain consent to serve.
      • Requests short biography from each candidate to be sent with consent to serve form.
      • Prepare a slate of one (1) or more names for each office to be filled. The slate (i.e. list of candidates), shall be published in communications to Consortium members and distributed to the membership at least 30 days prior to the election.
      • Conducts elections by electronic and mail ballot in conjunction with the Executive Office.
      • Notifies winners of election and welcomes them.
      • Notifies individuals not elected and maintains a record of their consent to service for future considerations and needs that may support the work of the Consortium.

      Below are the Clinical Reasoning & Curricula Assessment Consortium (CRCAC) resources: 

      What are you reading now?

      Dr. Wing Fu recommends the following article, “I found this action research project done in Australia to be interesting. It feels similar to think aloud approach which is one that I like and adopt in my teaching.” 

      Teaching clinical reasoning by making thinking visible: An action research project with allied health clinical educators by Clare Delaney & Clinton Golding

      Member education and professional development

      The CRCAC Talk to Author events are informal sessions with the authors.  It is a Q & A format between the participants and the authors to discuss the author’s publications and areas of scholarship and research. Below are recordings and links to the associated publications.

      CRCAC documents

      American International College

      Tracy Brudvig, PT, DPT, PhD, OCS

      Arcadia University

      Amy Miller, PT, DPT, EdD

      Azusa Pacific University

      Michael Wong, DPT

      Baylor University Graduate School

      Kendra Gagnon, PhD

      Baylor University Graduate School

      Thomas Longbottom, PT, DPT, NCS

      Baylor University Graduate School

      Jason Cook, DPT, PhD

      Bellarmine University

      Beth Ennis, PT, EdD

      Boston University

      Mary Beth Holmes, PT,DPT, NCS

      Bradley University

      Kristina Latva, DPT

      California State University, Long Beach

      Andrew Bartlett, PT, PhD, MPA

      California State University, Sacramento

      Irwin Thompson, MPT, EdD

      California State University, Sacramento

      Erin Green, PT, DPT, FAAOMPT, OCS

      Campbell University

      Frank Tudini, PT, DSc, OCS, FAAOMPT

      Carroll University

      Ashley Knuth, PT, DPT

      Chapman University

      Susan Mais Requejo,

      Chapman University

      Jacklyn Brechter , PhD, PT

      Chapman University

      Brent Harper, PT, DPT, DSc, OCS, FAAOMPT

      Clarkson University

      Vicki Lafay,

      Cleveland State University

      Jane Keehan, PT, PhD,OCS

      College of St Scholastica

      Jeff Kittelson, PT, MA, SCD

      Columbia University

      Wing Fu, PT, PhD, MA

      Columbia University

      Laurel Abbruzzese, PT, EdD, FNAP

      Columbia University

      Stacy Kinirons, PT, PhD, MPH

      Columbia University

      Mahlon Stewart, PT, DPT, GCS

      Concordia University, St. Paul

      Erin Simunds, PT

      Creighton University

      Lisa Black, PT, DPT

      Creighton University

      Jennifer Furze, PT, DPT, PCS

      Creighton University

      Gail Jensen, PhD, PT

      Des Moines Universtiy - Osteopathic Medical Center

      Juanita Robel, PT, CLT-LANA

      East Carolina University

      Christine Lysaght, PT, DPT

      East Carolina University

      Amy Gross McMillan, PT, PhD

      East Tennessee State University

      James Boone, PT, DPT, OCS

      Elon University

      Wendy Herbert, PT, PhD

      Emory University

      Tami Phillips, PT, DPT, MBA

      Florida Gulf Coast University

      Mark Erickson, PT, MA, DScPT, OCS, COMT, CFP

      Gannon University

      Stephanie Adams, DHSc, OTR/L

      Gannon University

      Kristen Snarski, PT, PhD

      Georgia Southern University - Armstrong Campus

      Sharan Zirges, PT, DPT

      Hardin-Simmons University

      Jill Jumper, PT, DPT, GCS

      Hunter College (CUNY)

      Nicki Silberman, PT, DPT, PhD

      Husson University

      Karen Huhn, PT PhD

      Husson University

      Kelly Macauley, PT, EdD, DPT, CCS, GCS

      Husson University

      Laura Sage, PT, DPT, MEd, GCS, WCC

      Idaho State University

      Deanna Dye, PT, PhD

      Idaho State University

      Tyler Jepson, PT, DPT, GCS

      Indiana University

      Emily Slaven, PT, PhD

      Langston University

      Lisa Gonzalez, MSN RN CNE CCRN-K

      Loma Linda University

      Christine Wilson, DPT, OCS

      Loma Linda University

      Theresa Joseph, PT,DPT,MBA,NCS

      Long Island University - Brooklyn Campus

      Rosa Torres-Panchame, PT, DPT, OCS

      Long Island University - Brooklyn Campus

      Nia Mensah, PT, DPT, PCS

      Long Island University - Brooklyn Campus

      Peggy Lynam, PT, DPT, NCS

      Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center in Shreveport

      Lauren Sant,

      Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center in Shreveport

      Rachel Wellons, PT, DPT, NCS

      Marist College

      Yvonne Egitto, DPT

      Mayo Clinic School of Health Sciences

      Melissa Hake, PT, DScPT

      Medical University of South Carolina

      David Morrisette, PT, PhD

      Medical University of South Carolina

      Stephanie McGowan, PT, DSc, OCS

      Mercer University

      Beth Collier, PT, DPT, OCS, FAAOMPT

      Methodist University

      Gina Maria Musolino, PT, DPT, MSEd, EdD

      Midwestern University - Illinois

      Kathy Hall, PT, EdD

      Mount St Joseph University

      Michael Obert,

      Mount St Joseph University

      Lisa Dehner, PT, PhD, CEEAA

      Mount St Marys University

      alan lee, PhD, DPT

      Nazareth College of Rochester

      JJ Mowder-Tinney, PT, PhD, NCS

      New York University

      Michael johnson, PT, DSc, OCS, SCS

      New York University

      wei zhang, DPT program full time faculty

      New York University

      Michael Masaracchio, PT, PhD, OCS, SCS, FAAOMPT

      New York University

      Cristiana Collins, PT, PhD, CFMT, NCS

      New York University

      Sue O'Brien, PT, PhD, NCS

      Northern Arizona University

      Petra Williams,

      Northern Arizona University

      John Heick, PT, PhD, DPT, OCS, NCS, SCS

      Northern Illinois University

      Christina Odeh, PT, DHS

      Northwestern University

      Bill Healey, PT, EdD, GCS

      Northwestern University

      Alice Salzman, PT, EdD

      Nova Southeastern University - Fort Lauderdale

      Jennifer Canbek, PT, PhD, NCS

      Nova Southeastern University - Fort Lauderdale

      Rania Margonis, PT, DPT, NCS

      Nova Southeastern University - Fort Lauderdale

      Brian Russ, PT, DPT, OCS, FAAOMPT

      Nova Southeastern University - Fort Lauderdale

      Melissa Dreger, PT, DPT

      Nova Southeastern University - Tampa

      Lynda Ross, PT, DPT, DHS, PCS, MS

      Ohio University

      Melissa Kidder, DPT, OCS

      Ohio University

      Deborah Kegelmeyer, DPT, MS, GCS

      Quinnipiac University

      Tracy Wall, PT, PhD

      Quinnipiac University

      Ken Kosior, PT, EdD, ATC

      Quinnipiac University

      Rachel Pata, DPT, CCS,CHSE

      Quinnipiac University

      Julie Booth, PT, DPT, PCS

      Radford University

      Shala Cunningham, PT, DPT, PhD

      Radford University

      Renee Huth, PT, DPT, PhD

      Regis University

      Larisa Hoffman, PhD

      Rockhurst University

      Linda D'Silva, PT, PhD

      Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions

      Kevin Helgeson, DHSc, PT

      Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

      Judith Deutsch, PT, PhD

      Saint Francis University

      Kara L Kobal,

      Saint Louis University

      Chris Sebelski, PT, DPT, PhD, OCS

      Saint Louis University

      Jill Imgarten, PT, DPT, OCS

      Samford University

      Sarah Ross, DPT, GCS, CEEAA

      Samuel Merritt University

      Nicole Christensen, PT, PhD, MAppSc

      Seton Hall University

      Michael Giuliano , MD, MEd, MHPE, MA

      Shenandoah University

      Aaron Hartstein,

      Simmons University

      Stacey Maguire, PT, DPT, NCS

      South College

      Don Reagan, PT, DPT

      Springfield College

      Dawn Roberts, PT, PhD

      State University of New York Downstate Medical Center

      Teresa Miller, PT, PhD, GCFP

      Texas Womans University

      Jennifer Ellison, PT, PhD

      Texas Woman's University

      Teresa Bachman, PT, DPT, GCS, CEEAA

      Texas Woman's University

      Elke Schaumberg, PT, MS, DPT, PhD

      Texas Woman's University

      Merri Leigh Johnson, DPT, NCS

      The College of St Scholastica

      Samantha Mohn-Johnsen, PT, DPT, EdD, OCS, PCS

      The College of St Scholastica

      Christine Cabelka, MPT, PhD, CLT, WCS

      The George Washington University

      Nana Ama Ofori , PT, DPT

      The Ohio State University

      Amelia Siles, PT, DPT, NCS

      The Ohio State University

      Marka Salsberry, DPT

      The University of Findlay

      Brandon Koehler, PT, MPT, MBA, OCS

      The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

      Jennifer Martin, PT, DPT, GCS

      The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

      Anjali Sivaramakrishnan, PT, PhD

      Thomas Jefferson University

      Susan Wainwright, PT PhD

      Touro University of Nevada

      Steve Liaos, DPT, DSC(c), OCS, SCS, FAAOMPT

      Touro University of Nevada

      Jacqueline Randa, PT, DPT, PhD, OCS, NCS

      University of Alabama at Birmingham

      Sheree York, PT,DPT,PCS

      University of Central Florida

      Morris Beato, PT, DPT

      University of Cincinnati

      Ben Just, PT, MPT

      University of Colorado

      Michael Bade, PT, DPT, PhD, OCS, FAAOMPT

      University of Colorado

      Dana Judd, PT, PhD

      University of Florida

      Joy Moulton, DPT

      University of Florida

      Rachelle Studer-Byrnes, PT, DPT

      University of Hartford

      Tricia Prokop, PT, MSPT, EdD

      University of Indianapolis

      Stephanie Miller, PT, PhD

      University of Indianapolis

      Lindsey Kojich, PT, DPT, OCS

      University of Jamestown

      Benjamin Wolden, PT, DPT

      University of Jamestown

      James Schanandore, PhD

      University of Kansas Medical Center

      Stacia Troshynski Brown, PT, DPT

      University of Mary

      Jason Hogan, PT, D.Sc., MPT

      University of Maryland - Baltimore

      Rachel Skolky, PT, MSPT, DPT, GCS

      University of Miami

      Neva Kirk-Sanchez, PT, PhD

      University of Michigan - Flint

      Karen Berg,

      University of Minnesota

      Becky Olson-Kellogg,

      University of Minnesota

      Jacquelyn Ruen,

      University of Missouri

      Anita Campbell,

      University of Missouri

      Rebecca Bliss, PT, DPT, DHSc

      University of Nebraska Medical Center

      Teresa Cochran, PT, DPT, MA, GCS, FNAP

      University of Nevada, Las Vegas

      Tiffany Barrett, PT, DPT, OCS

      University of New England

      Adrienne McAuley, PT, DPT, MEd, OCS, FAAOMPT

      University of New Mexico

      Rose Vallejo, PT, DPT

      University of North Florida

      Raine Osborne, PT, DPT, EdD, FAAOMPT

      University of North Florida

      Robert Rowe, PT, DPT, DMT, MHS

      University of North Florida

      Nicholas LaRosa, PT, EdD, DPT, FAAOMPT

      University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth

      Yasser Salem, PT, PhD

      University of Puget Sound

      Jason Steere, PT, DPT, OCS, FAAOMPT

      University of Puget Sound

      Jason Steere, PT, DPT

      University of South Alabama

      Heidi McDermott, PT, DPT, OCS

      University of South Alabama

      Blair Saale, DPT

      University of South Dakota

      Kory Zimney, PT, DPT

      University of Southern California

      Sarah Gilliland, PT, DPT, PhD, CSCS

      University of Southern California

      Michael Andersen, PT, DPT, OCS

      University of Southern California

      Jonna Schengel, PT, MA, Ed.D.

      University of Southern California

      Deborah Walker, PT, DPT, OCS, GCS, CEEAA

      University of Southern California

      David Gillette, PT, DPT, GCS

      University of Southern California

      Leslie Zarrinkhameh, PT, DPT, GCS

      University of Southern California

      Stephanie Malaspina, PT, DPT

      University of St Augustine for Health Sciences-Dallas

      Kathleen Luedtke-Hoffmann, PT, MBA, PhD

      University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences - Florida

      Tobi Baldwin, PT

      University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences - Texas

      Kunal Bhanot, PT, PhD, FAAOMPT

      University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences - Texas

      Katherine Wilford, PT, DPT

      University of Texas at El Paso

      Bryan Boyea, PT, DPT, OCS

      University of the Incarnate Word

      Jaime Gonzalez, PT, DPT, OCS, SCS

      University of the Incarnate Word

      Evan Petersen, PT, DSc, OCS, FAAOMPT

      University of the Incarnate Word

      Amy Wagner, PT, DPT

      University of the Sciences

      Lora Packel, PT, PhD

      University of the Sciences

      Shelly Lewis, PT, DPT, GCS

      University of Toledo

      Tori Smith, PT, DPT, NCS

      University of Toledo

      Alison Matson, PT, NCS

      University of Utah

      Elizabeth Lane, PT, DPT, PhD(c), OCS, FAAOMPT

      University of Utah

      Reva Rauk, PT, MMSc, PhD

      University of Washington

      Murray Maitland, PT, PhD

      University of Washington

      Jill Jandreau, MSPT, CAPP-OB

      University of Wisconsin- Milwaukee

      Kathryn Zalewski,

      University of Wisconsin-LaCrosse

      Ryan Sharpee, DPT, PT, OCS

      Virginia Commonwealth University

      Shawne Soper, PT, DPT, MBA

      West Virginia University

      Julia Castleberry, DPT, NCS, GCS

      Western Carolina University

      Todd Watson, PT, DPT, OCS, FAAOMPT

      Wheeling Jesuit University

      Rhonda Haley, PT, DPT

      Wingate University

      Erin Jacobson, PT, DPT, OCS

      Winston-Salem State University

      Nancy Smith,

      Youngstown State University

      Cara Carramusa, PT, MSPT, EdD, GCS

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